How to diagnose thrombosis? Causes and prevention of thrombosis
The heart beats around a hundred thousand times a day, pumping around ten thousand litres of blood through the body every day. This flows normally through our arteries and veins and supplies the body with blood. Well, that's the way it should be. But from time to time these normal body functions can be disrupted, for example, a blood clot forms and clogs the blood vessel. This can lead to increasingly popular disease thrombosis.
Thrombosis is defined by medical professionals as vascular disease or circulatory disorder in which a blood clot or thrombus forms in the blood vessel. This blood clot thus clogs the vein or artery and prevents normal blood flow in the body, which in turn can lead to sometimes severe tissue damage. It can also arise based on changes in the vascular walls, blood flow and blood composition. Thrombosis usually develops in the area of small veins in the calf muscles and spreads from there into larger veins. Depending on the location and size of the blood clot or thrombus, different symptoms can manifest themselves. In the initial phase, thrombosis only causes minor discomfort and therefore often goes unnoticed. Those affected first think about tiredness and exhaustion before going to the doctor.
The first symptoms of thrombosis are a slight pulling and tingling sensation, most commonly in the legs, and a slight urge to move them. Also, sudden pain in the calves, swollen legs, and pressure in the calves are very typical. Thrombosis is also dangerous as it can lead to other conditions, such as pulmonary embolism.