Phlebitis: 4 treatments, 7 causes and more

Phlebitis is inflammation of the veins. Veins are blood vessels that carry blood from your organs and extremities back to the heart. When a blood clot causes inflammation, it is called thrombophlebitis. However, if a blood clot is in a deep vein, it is called deep vein thrombophlebitis or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) Types of phlebitis Phlebitis can be superficial or deep. Superficial phlebitis refers to inflammation of the vein near the surface of the skin. This type of phlebitis requires treatment, but is not very dangerous. Superficial phlebitis can result from a blood clot or irritation (for example, from an intravenous catheter). Deep phlebitis refers to the inflammation of a deep vein, such as that in your legs. Deep phlebitis is significantly more dangerous because it is most likely caused by a blood clot that can have very serious, life-threatening consequences. It is important to recognize the risk factors and symptoms of DVT so that you can contact the doctor immediately if you are suspected. Symptoms of phlebitis The symptoms of phlebitis affect the arm or leg of the inflamed vein. These symptoms are: 1. Blush 2. swelling 3. Warmth 4. Visible red stripes on the arm or leg 5. Sensitivity 6. A rope-like structure that can be felt under the skin. You may also notice pain in your calves or hip if your phlebitis is caused by DVT. The pain may be more noticeable when you walk around or stretch. phlebitis legs Complications of phlebitis Superficial thrombophlebitis does not usually lead to serious complications. But it can lead to infections of the surrounding skin, wounds on the skin and even infections of the bloodstream. If the clot in the superficial vein is large enough and affects the area where the superficial vein and a deep vein come together, DVT can develop. Sometimes people are not aware that they have a DVT until they experience a life-threatening complication. The most common and most serious complication of DVT is pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism occurs when part of the blood clot breaks off and gets into the lungs, where it blocks blood flow. The symptoms of pulmonary embolism are: 1. Unexplained shortness of breath 2. Chest pain 3. Cough up blood 4. Pain when breathing deeply 5. Fast breathing 6. Feeling light-headed or fainting 7. Fast heart rate

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